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Approximately 50% of pregnancies in the Unites States are unplanned and once pregnancy is confirmed, it can be challenging to treat medical conditions, change lifestyle and habits. It is best to assess risks for certain conditions at least 3-6 months prior to pregnancy and make adjustments when necessary. Preconceptual counseling with a fertility specialist may be helpful in improving fertility rates and overall pregnancy outcome.
All women should consume 0.4mg of folic acid daily starting 2-3 months prior to attempting pregnancy. The supplement can be in the form of consuming folic acid rich foods or through supplemental pills